Karl Schudawa was born as the son of a retired Rittmeister at Verona on the 30th of September 1856. After attending the cadet institute at Eisenstadt and the Military Academy at Wiener Neustadt he was commissioned as a Leutnant in ulan regiment number 7 in September 1875. In this regiment he received his promotions to Oberleutnant on the 1st of May 1880 and to Rittmeister 2nd class on the 1st of November 1888. After graduating from the Militär-Reitlehrer-Institute (1880-1882) he was mainly employed as a riding instructor at the officers 'school of the cavalry brigade. On the 16th of February 1889 he was transfered to the k.k. Landwehr and attached to Landwehr dragoon regiment number 2 where he received his promotion to Rittmeister 1st class on the 1st of November of the same year. In July 1893 he was transferred to Landwehr dragoon regiment number 3 at Wels (Upper Austria). During the reorganisation of the whole Landwehr cavalry in 1894 all dragoon regiments were disbanded and reformed again as ulan regiments. Dragoon regiment number 3 became ulan regiment number 6.
On the 26th of October 1895 he took over command of the Division of Berittene Tiroler Landesschützen (Tyrolean Mounted Rifles Detachment) at Innsbruck. Commanding this unit he received his promotions to Major on the 1st of May 1896 and to Oberstleutnant on the 1st of May 1899. For his outstanding leadership he was honored with the Military Merit Cross on the 2nd of December 1898. On the 4th of October 1902 he was appointed to the command of Landwehr ulan regiment number 6, his old regiment from Wels, shortly followed by his promotion to Oberst on the 26th of October 1902 with seniority from the 2nd of December 1902. As a common routine he was awarded the Order of the Iron Crown 3rd class on the 2nd of October 1906.
After more than 6 years commanding a regiment Karl Schudawa took over command of the 2nd Landwehr cavalry brigade in January 1909 followed by his promotion to Generalmajor on the 1st of May 1909. On the 6th of March 1910 he was transferred as it's commander to the 1st Landwehr cavalry brigade. On the 7th of February 1912 he assumed command of the 10th cavalry division at Budapest followed by his promotion to Feldmarschall-Leutnant on the 17th of May 1912. Karl Schudawa was now 56 years old with more than 37 years of service mainly on horseback. It was therefore no surprise that his health was no longer at it's best. On the 16th of February 1913 he was relieved from his post on medical grounds. After his final release medical examinations he was retired as "ineligible for active duty" on the 30th of September 1913 with the additional honour of the award of the knights' cross of the Order of Leopold. Feldmarschall-Leutnant Karl Schudawa was a fine example of a normal peacetime career of an average officer. He retired to Linz where he died on the 7th of July 1918.
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